The Diagnostic Automation, Inc. Microalbumin Rapid Test Strip (Urine) is a rapid visual immunoassay for the qualitative, presumptive detection of microalbumin in human urine specimens. This kit is intended for use as an aid in the diagnosis of renal dysfunction.
The persistent appearance of small amounts of albumin in urine (microalbuminuria) may be the first indicator of a renal dysfunction. For diabetic patients, positive results may be the first indicator of a diabetic nephropathy. Without therapy, the amount of released albumin will increase (macroalbuminuria) and renal insufficiency will occur.
In cases of Type 2 diabetes, the early diagnosis and therapy of diabetic nephropathy is especially important. In addition to renal dysfunction, some cardiovascular risks is also present.
In normal physiological conditions, small amounts of albumin are glomerularly filtrated and tubularly reabsorbed. The expulsion of 20 ug/mL to 200 ug/mL in urine is characterized as microalbuminuria. In addition to renal dysfunction, albuminuria can be caused by physical training, infection of the urinary tract, hypertension, cardiac insufficiency and surgery.