Chlamydia Trachomatis IgM ELISA kit
|Category Name||Infectious Disease ELISA kits|
|Method||ELISA: Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay|
|Principle||ELISA - Indirect; Antigen Coated Plate|
|Detection Range||Qualitative Positive; Negative control & Cut off|
|Total Time||~90 min|
|Shelf Life||12-18 Months|
The Diagnostic Automation ELISA, Chlamydia Trachomatis IgM is intended for the determination of specific IgM antibody to Chlamydia in a single human serum sample, by an Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay. Purified Chlamydia Trachomatis antigen is coated on the surface of microwells. Diluted patient serum is added to wells, and the Chlamydia Trachomatis IgM specific antibody, if present, binds to the antigen. All unbound materials are washed away. After adding enzyme conjugate, it binds to the antibody-antigen complex. Excess enzyme conjugate is washed off, and TMB Chromogenic Substrate is added. The enzyme conjugate catalytic reaction is stopped at a specific time. The intensity of the color generated is proportional to the amount of IgM specific antibody in the sample. The results are read by a microwell reader compared in a parallel manner with calibrator and controls. Chlamydia Trachomatis is one of the most common human pathogens. Of the 15 recognized serotypes, 4 (A, B, Ba, and C) have been shown to cause hyperendemic blinding trachoma, a disease which afflicts hundreds of millions of people in developing countries. Three serotypes (L-1, L-2, and L-3) are the causes of lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV), a sexually transmitted systemic disease. The other serotypes (D through K) have been associated with genital tract infections and sporadic cases of conjunctivitis in industrialized societies. These agents are the major recognized cause of nongonococcal urethritis in men, in whom they may also cause epididymitis. In women, C. trachomatis causes cervicitis and has been associated with acute salpingitis. Infants born through an infected birth canal may contract the infection and then develop inclusion conjunctivitis of the newborn and/or the characteristic chlamydial pneumonia syndrome. High levels of anti-Chlamydia IgG antibody are of diagnostic value in chronic or systemic infections such as salpingitis, mechanical infertility, perihepatitis, epididymitis, Reiter’s syndrome and pneumonitis. DIAGNOSTIC AUTOMATION ELISA Chlamydia Trachomatis test employs the LGV type 2 broadly reacting antigen of Chlamydia Trachomatis. It will detect Chlamydia Trachomatis, Chlamydia Psittaci and Chlamydia Pneumoniae (TWAR) antibodies. The precision of the assay was evaluated by testing three different sera eight replicates on 3 days. The intraassay and inter-assay C.V. are summarized below: N = 8 Negative Low positive Positive Intra-assay 12.5% 10.2% 9.5% Inter-assay 15.4% 12.5% 10.6% A single serum sample cannot be used to determine recent infection. A serum specimen taken in an early stage during acute phase of infection may contain low levels of IgM antibody and render an IgM Index result negative. As with other serological assays, the results of these assays should be used in conjunction with information available from clinical evaluation and other diagnostic procedures.