TSH Ultra Sensitive ELISA kit
|Category Name||Thyroid ELISA kits|
|Method||ELISA method: Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay|
|Principle||ELISA - Indirect; Antibody Coated Plate|
|Detection Range||Quantitative: 0-10uIU/mL|
|Total Time||~140 min|
|Shelf Life||12 months|
The determination of serum or plasma levels of thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH or thyrotropin) is recognized as a sensitive method in the diagnosis of primary and secondary hypothyroidism. TSH is secreted by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland and induces the production and release of thyroxine and triiodothyronine from the thyroid gland. It is a glycoprotein with a molecular weight of approximately 28,000 Daltons, consisting of two chemically different subunits, alpha and beta. Although the concentration of TSH in the blood is extremely low, it is essential for the maintenance of normal thyroid function.
The release of TSH is regulated by a TSH-releasing hormone (TRH) produced by the hypothalamus. The levels of TSH and TRH are inversely related to the level of thyroid hormone. When there is a high level of thyroid hormone in the blood, less TRH is released by the hypothalamus, so less TSH is secreted by the pituitary. The opposite action will occur when there is decreased thyroid hormone in the blood. This process is known as a negative feedback mechanism and is responsible for maintaining the proper blood levels of these hormones. � TSH and the pituitary glycoprotein: luteinizing hormone (LH), follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), and human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG), have identical alpha chains. The beta chains are distinct but do contain regions with identical amino acid sequences. These regions of homology can cause considerable cross-reactivity with some polyclonal TSH antisera. The use of a monoclonal antibody in this TSH ELISA test eliminates such cross reactivity, which could result in falsely elevated TSH values in either menopausal or pregnant females – a population whose evaluation of thyroid status is clinically significant.
The Ultra sensitive TSH ELISA test is based on the principle of a solid phase enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The assay system utilizes a unique monoclonal antibody directed against a distinct antigenic determinant on the intact TSH molecule. Mouse monoclonal anti-TSH antibody is used for solid phase immobilization (on the microtiter wells). A goat anti-TSH antibody is in the antibody-enzyme (horseradish peroxidase) conjugate solution. The test sample is allowed to react simultaneously with the two antibodies, resulting in the TSH molecules being sandwiched between the solid phase and enzyme-linked antibodies. After 2 hour incubation at room temperature, the wells are washed with water to remove unbound labeled antibodies. A solution of H2O2/TMB is added and incubated for 20 minutes, resulting in the development of a blue color. The color development is stopped with the addition of 3N HCl changing the color to yellow. The concentration of TSH is directly proportional to the color intensity of the test sample. Absorbance is measured spectrophotometrically at 450 nm.